Passive Grammar is...
...common in academic English because it helps to create formality, focuses on the object and develops an impersonal stance. This blog will look at impersonal passive structures (it is claimed / to + infinitive passive forms) and nominalisation (changing the verb into a noun).
A common way of reporting what is said by people or by an unspecified group of people
It is said that….
[It + passive verb (be + past participle) + that clause]
They report the defense minister is to resign
It is reported that the defense minister is to resign
Nominalised: There is a report that the defense minister is to resign
Nominalised: One report is that the defense minister is to resign
To infinitive impersonal passives
The subject + passive verb (be+past participle) + to infinitive
|They claim the terrorist is living abroad
It is claimed that the terrorist is living abroad
The terrorist is claimed to be living abroad
Nominalised: There is a claim that the terrorist is living abroad
Nominalised: One / a claim is that the terrorist is living abroad
Common verbs used in impersonal passive forms:
|agree / allege / announce / assume / believe / calculate / claim / consider / declare / discover / estimate / expect / find / known / mention / propose / recommend / rumour / show / suppose / suggest / understand
The company _____________________________________________________
People believe the company stole over a million pounds
It is believed that the company stole over a million pounds
The company is believed to have stolen over a million pounds
There is a belief that the company stole over a million pounds
One belief is that the company stole over a million pounds
We expect the train strike will begin tomorrow
It is expected that the train strike will begin tomorrow
The Train Strike is expected to begin tomorrow
There is an expectation that the train strike will begin tomorrow
One expectation is that the train strike will begin tomorrow
This is a worksheet with eight more similar exercises...
An introduction to the impersonal passive structure 'it is said that...' and to infinitive passive form ' it is claimed to be...'. Also, how to nominalise verbs to nouns to show formality in writing. This worksheets provides key information and 10 writing questions. Level ***** [B1/B2/C1] Example
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